The word “telematics” stems from the combination of telecommunications and informatics, and it was the joining of these two sciences that resulted in the field of telematics.
In its broadest sense telematics actually includes the internet itself, since it combines telecommunications (phone lines, cables, etc.) with informatics (such as computer systems). However, the term is now more commonly used to apply to vehicle telematics, where location information is used in different business applications. This article will focus on vehicle telematics, since it is one of the primary uses for this technology. We will consider how the technology originated and developed over the years.
Telematics developed alongside the internet. As computers became smaller and more widespread, the need for an easy way to exchange data grew. This is when telecommunication technology was used to connect computers and telematics was born.
The actual term “telematics” was coined back in 1978 by Simon Nora and Alain Minc in their report titled “L’Informatisation de la société,” which was prepared for the French prime minister in response to the development of computer technology and the dawning of the information age.
Since that time, computer processors have become smaller and more ubiquitous, while telecommunication networks have become widespread and effective in transferring data, regardless of where the computer is located. Whether it’s on a truck driving through the remotest parts of Alaska or a delivery van in Chile, GPS units with onboard computers can use either GPRS (cell phone networks) or GPS (satellite constellations) to transfer real-time data to central offices for effective fleet management.
Today there is practically no limit to the different applications for telematics. The world is becoming more connected every day, and new ways to use location-based information are being developed constantly.
A popular option for modern-day fleets is to utilize fleet management software (a branch of telematics) to coordinate the hundreds or thousands of vehicles they manage. Everything from fuel consumption to current speed and location can be viewed on a central dashboard. Fleet managers or VPs can get a birds-eye view of the entire fleet, checking the overall health, profitability and productivity of the fleet.